Remote sensing as a tool for the management and monitoring of wild populations, nature reserves and national parks in Israel: A review of available applications, challenges and future opportunities
Remote sensing has become an increasingly important tool in the monitoring of wild populations and the management of environmental resources, such as animals, plants, soil and water. The ability to collect data at a distance and over large areas, has revolutionized our understanding of these resources and their distribution, and allows us to better manage and protect them. In this literature review we examine the current state of remote-sensing applications in environmental monitoring, including technological advances in the field of collecting and analyzing data. We focus on the use of airborne sensors and satellites, as well as combining data from ground-based sources, thus enabling a broad understanding of the state of the environment. In addition, we also examine the challenges associated with remote sensing, such as the quality of the data, its analysis and interpretation, and the need for standardization and validation. We provide examples of successful applications of remote-sensing in various contexts of environmental monitoring, inducing wildlife conservation, mapping land-use, crop monitoring and water quality evaluations. We also highlight future opportunities and challenges for remote sensing, including the potential to augment spatial and temporal resolution, integration with emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence and unmanned aircraft, and the continuation of efforts to improve the quality of data and its analysis. This literary review was conducted by Hamaarag and was commissioned by Israel’s Nature and Parks Authority. Upon the conclusion of the project, these bodies will jointly organize a seminar to summarize the key findings.